Criminal Law Archive



July 2024



Question: Are Nootropics Actually Legal?

Written by , Posted in Criminal Law

Answer: Yes. In the United States, nootropics are legal to buy over-the-counter as long as they do not contain controlled substances. They are popular supplements, and most of us have some form of nootropics in our medicine cabinet.

From what we can see, the U.S. is relatively lax on nootropic compounds compared to other countries.

All purchasable nootropics and supplements that are to be ingested are governed by some level federal laws and regulations, primarily the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994. Under DSHEA, dietary supplements, including many nootropics, can be sold and marketed without prior approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), provided they meet certain criteria:

  • The product must be intended to supplement the diet
  • It must contain one or more dietary ingredients (vitamins, minerals, herbs, amino acids, etc.)
  • It must be labeled as a dietary supplement
  • It must not be represented as a conventional food or sole item of a meal or diet

Sadly if there is a conflict of interest and a natural supplement has potential to take away market share from new and expensive pharmaceutical drugs, lobbying of government officials is common and the banning of natural substances has been known to happen.

High-performing nootropic compounds with strong brain-boosting and neurorestorative properties such as Noocube are still legal and available as of July 2024, but the future is not guaranteed.

bottle of green nootropic pills reference illustration

Specific nootropics and their legal status:

  • Racetams (e.g., Piracetam, Aniracetam): Racetams are synthetic compounds that are not approved for medical use in the United States. However, they are generally considered legal to purchase and possess for personal use. We’ve seen the bottles from Nootropics Depot labeled as “for non-clinical research use only” as a way for them to cover their backsides in case of an overdose or in case of future litigation.
  • Natural nootropics (e.g., Bacopa Monnieri, Ginkgo Biloba): Most natural nootropics are legal in the United States when sold as dietary supplements, provided they comply with DSHEA regulations.
  • Prescription nootropics (e.g., Modafinil, Adderall): These substances are only legal when prescribed by a licensed medical professional for treating specific conditions, such as narcolepsy or ADHD. Possessing or using them without a valid prescription is illegal.

It’s essential to note that some states may have stricter laws and regulations regarding nootropics. Always check your local laws to ensure compliance.

Big List of Common but “Edgy” brain vitamins and if they are clearly legal or not:

  • Cyclazodone (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Phenibut (unscheduled but not approved as a dietary supplement by the FDA)
  • IDRA-21 (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • NSI-189 (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Adrafinil (unscheduled but not approved as a dietary supplement by the FDA)
  • 9-Me-BC (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Sunifiram (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Picamilon (banned by the FDA, not allowed to be sold as a dietary supplement)
  • Cortexin (not approved for use in the US)
  • PRL-8-53 (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • NACET (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Selank (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Semax (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • TAK-653 (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Coluracetam (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Fasoracetam (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Hydrafinil (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Armodafinil (Schedule IV controlled substance, requires prescription)
  • Modafinil (Schedule IV controlled substance, requires prescription)
  • J147 (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Bromantane (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Unifiram (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Nefiracetam (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Phenylpiracetam (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Tropisetron (approved for use in the US as an anti-nausea medication, requires prescription)
  • Cerebrolysin (not approved for use in the US)
  • F-Phenibut (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)
  • Fladrafinil (legal status unclear, not approved for human consumption)

Examples of a Nootropics Company Getting into Legal Trouble

In August 2023, Nootropics Depot and its owner, MisterYouAreSoDumb, were charged by the US Department of Justice with criminal counts related to the sale of tianeptine, adrafinil, phenibut, and racetam drugs between April 2017 and December 2021. The company Centera Bioscience received one count, while the general manager received two counts.

The charges against Nootropics Depot are part of a larger crackdown on supplements and nootropics led by Dr. Pieter D. Cohen, who has been criticized for his aggressive stance against these substances. The case has sparked discussions about the regulation of nootropics, the role of online communities in shaping public opinion, and the potential biases of those involved in the industry.

Legal Status of Nootropics in Europe In Europe

The legal status of nootropics is determined by the European Union (EU) regulations and individual country laws. As a dual-citizen of the US and EU, I would state:

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is responsible for assessing the safety of food supplements, including nootropics. They provide guidelines and opinions on the use of various substances, which member states can use to establish their own regulations.

Country-specific laws and regulations:

  • United Kingdom: In the UK, most nootropics are legal to purchase and possess, provided they are not sold as medicines or make medicinal claims. However, some nootropics, such as Modafinil, require a prescription.
  • Germany: Germany has stricter regulations on nootropics compared to many other EU countries. Some racetams, like Piracetam, are only available with a prescription.

Legal Status of Nootropics in Other Regions


  • China has a complex regulatory system for nootropics, with some substances being legal and others requiring a prescription or being banned altogether.
  • Japan has a more lenient approach to nootropics, with many substances available over-the-counter or online.

Australia and New Zealand:

  • The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) regulates nootropics in Australia. Many natural nootropics are legal, while synthetic substances may require a prescription or be prohibited.

South America:

  • Brazil has a growing nootropics market, with many substances legal to purchase and consume.
  • Argentina has a legal framework similar to the United States, with most nootropics falling under dietary supplement regulations.

Legality of Purchasing and Possession of Nootropics

When buying nootropics online, it’s crucial to understand the legality of your purchase. Domestic purchases are generally safer, as they are subject to your country’s laws and regulations. International purchases may be riskier, as substances legal in one country may be illegal in another.

Always purchase nootropics from verified, reputable sources to ensure quality and safety. Buying from unverified sources may expose you to counterfeit or contaminated products, which can be harmful to your health.

Possessing illegal nootropics can lead to serious legal consequences, including fines and imprisonment. Always research the legal status of a substance before purchasing or using it.

Future Developments in Nootropic Legislation

As research on nootropics continues to expand, governments worldwide may update their regulations to address new findings and emerging trends. Some countries may choose to tighten their control over these substances, while others may opt for a more relaxed approach.

Staying informed about the latest developments in nootropic legislation is essential for anyone interested in using these cognitive enhancers. Regularly check your local laws and consult with legal experts if you have any doubts or concerns.


  1. Q: Are all nootropics legal in the United States? A: No, not all nootropics are legal in the U.S. Some, like prescription drugs (e.g., Modafinil, Adderall), are only legal with a valid prescription. Others, such as many natural nootropics, are legal when sold as dietary supplements.
  2. Q: Can I buy nootropics online legally? A: It depends on the specific nootropic and your location. Some nootropics are legal to purchase online, while others may require a prescription or be prohibited altogether. Always research your country’s laws before making an online purchase.
  3. Q: What happens if I possess an illegal nootropic? A: Possessing an illegal nootropic can lead to serious legal consequences, such as fines and imprisonment. The severity of the punishment depends on the substance, quantity, and your location.
  4. Q: Are nootropics regulated by the FDA? A: The FDA does not regulate most nootropics, as they are classified as dietary supplements under DSHEA. However, the FDA can take action against manufacturers if their products are unsafe or their claims are false or misleading.
  5. Q: Can I travel internationally with nootropics? A: It depends on the laws of the countries you are traveling to and from. Some nootropics may be legal in one country but illegal in another. Always research the laws of your destination country and consult with customs officials before traveling with nootropics.
  6. Q: Are natural nootropics safer than synthetic ones? A: Not necessarily. While many natural nootropics have a history of safe use, they can still cause side effects or interact with other medications. Synthetic nootropics may be more potent but also have a higher risk of adverse effects. Always consult with a healthcare professional before using any nootropic.
  7. Q: Can I get a prescription for nootropics? A: Some nootropics, like Modafinil and Adderall, are prescription drugs in many countries. To get a prescription, you must have a diagnosed condition that the drug is approved to treat, such as narcolepsy or ADHD. Doctors do not typically prescribe nootropics for cognitive enhancement in healthy individuals.
  8. Q: Are there age restrictions for buying nootropics? A: Age restrictions for purchasing nootropics vary by country and the specific substance. In the United States, you must be at least 18 years old to purchase dietary supplements, which include many nootropics. Prescription nootropics may have different age requirements.
  9. Q: How can I ensure I’m buying nootropics from a reputable source? A: To ensure you’re buying from a reputable source, look for companies that:
    • Provide third-party lab testing results for their products
    • Have a good reputation and customer reviews
    • Clearly list ingredients and dosages
    • Offer transparency about their manufacturing processes
    • Have a physical address and contact information
  10. Q: Can I legally sell nootropics? A: The legality of selling nootropics depends on the specific substance and your location. In the United States, you can legally sell most nootropics as dietary supplements if you comply with DSHEA regulations and do not make false or misleading claims. Always research your local laws and consult with legal experts before selling any nootropics.

In Summary

The legal status of nootropics varies globally, with regulations differing between countries and even states within a country. In the United States, many nootropics are legal when sold as dietary supplements, while Europe has a more complex regulatory framework governed by the EFSA and country-specific laws.

As a prospective nootropic user, it is your responsibility to stay informed about the legal status of these substances in your region, especially if they are a controlled substance.




June 2024



Question: Is It Legal to Grow Psychedelic (Magic) Mushrooms in the U.S.?

Written by , Posted in Criminal Law

Answer: No, it is not legal for you to grow, sell or posses psychedelic mushrooms in America because psilocybin and psilocyn, the key psychoactive compounds in these “shrooms” are classified as Schedule I substances under the federal Controlled Substances Act.

However, it is perfectly legal for somone to sell, purchase and own psilocybin mushroom spores because the spores themselves do not contain the controlled substances psilocybin or psilocyn and are therefore not regulated under the Controlled Substances Act (under §812. Schedules of controlled substances) or other laws.

Using injectable spores or swabs to inoculate and cultivate psychedelic mushroom “fruits” or even mycelium however is illegal regardless of the legal status of the spores themselves. If you are harvesting “caps and stems” can put you into felony territory, especially when done at scale. Grow bags and kits and other paraphernalia can be bought and sold without any issues.

Always remember, just because something is decriminalized doesn’t mean it’s legal or risk-free (always ask yourself, “could a DA or persecutor find a gray area or loophole to convict me?” In most cases you won’t know, which is where an experienced lawyer’s input and help is needed).

Federal Legal Status of Growing Psychedelic Mushrooms

As we’d expect, under federal law, it’s unambiguously illegal to manufacture, distribute, or possess the psychoactive compounds in psychedelic mushrooms, also known on the street by drug dealers as “shrooms” or “mush.” This prohibition extends to several specific species, including psilocybe cubensis (commonly called Golden Teacher among aficionados) and psilocybe semilanceata. If you’re caught growing (even if you’re not selling) these mushrooms, you could face serious consequences:

  • Prison sentences ranging from a few years to decades, depending on the scale of the operation and your criminal history
  • Fines that can reach hundreds of thousands of dollars
  • A permanent criminal record that can impact your employment, housing, and other aspects of your life

There have been several high-profile federal prosecutions related to psychedelic mushrooms:

  1. Example psilocybinrelated Colorado Case (2021): In Colorado, federal prosecutors charged several individuals with conspiracy to cultivate and distribute psychedelic mushrooms across state lines. This operation was significant as it involved a large-scale distribution network, and the individuals faced serious charges with potential long-term prison sentences.
  2. Example psilocybinrelated California Case (2019): In 2019, a man in California was sentenced to prison for running a large-scale psychedelic mushroom cultivation and distribution network. The operation was substantial, and the prosecution emphasized the seriousness of distributing a Schedule I controlled substance.
  3. Example psilocybinrelated Military Case (2020): An Air Force Academy cadet faced a special court-martial for using psilocybin. Although he received a relatively light sentence due to a plea deal, it highlighted the strict enforcement policies within the military against the use of such substances.

These cases demonstrate the federal government’s commitment to prosecuting large-scale psilocybin operations, despite varying state-level decriminalization efforts.

State and Local Legal Status

While psychedelic mushrooms are off-limits under federal law, enforcement largely falls to state and local authorities. Some states have taken steps to decriminalize or deprioritize enforcement against their cultivation:

Oregon has decriminalized possession of small amounts of psychedelic mushrooms (see official state government guide here), making it a civil infraction rather than a criminal offense. California has made possession of psilocybin-containing mushrooms the lowest law enforcement priority. Colorado is considering legislation to legalize psilocybin compounds for therapeutic use.

At the city level, several jurisdictions have passed decriminalization measures:

Denver has made arresting people for psilocybin-containing mushroom offenses the lowest law enforcement priority. Oakland has decriminalized possession and cultivation of small amounts of psilocybin.

However, it’s important to understand the limits of these measures. They don’t override federal law, and they usually only apply to small amounts for personal use. Commercial cultivation remains prohibited.

Outside of the USA?

We don’t know the laws and regulations of other countries outside of the USA and don’t want to comment on them. Please do your own research and get legal counsel in whichever country you’re in if you plan to consume steroids and start a “cycle” as part of your strength training routine.

Are Psilocybin-containing Mushroom Spores Legal to Buy?

The legality of purchasing and possessing psilocybin “shroom” spores varies by jurisdiction, but generally, it is legal in many places to buy and own these spores. The primary reason for this is that the spores themselves do not contain psilocybin or psilocyn, the psychoactive compounds that are classified as controlled substances under the Controlled Substances Act in the United States. Since psilocybin and psilocyn are the compounds that are regulated, and the spores do not contain them, the spores are not subject to the same legal restrictions.

However, once the spores are germinated and start to turn into mycelium or mushroom “fruits,” they begin to produce psilocybin and psilocyn, thus becoming controlled substances. But before you rush out to buy a spore kit, be aware that state laws can differ, with some explicitly banning the spores, so make sure you’re in a legal state.




May 2024



Question: Are SARMs Legal?

Written by , Posted in Criminal Law

Answer: Yes, SARMs are legal to sell and purchase in the U.S. as “research chemicals.” SARMs are not covered by the Controlled Substances Act or the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990.

Additionally, SARMs aren’t illegal compounds–so having them in your possession is not a crime, and drug tests used in criminal cases such as drunk driving will not detect them. However, SARMs (also known as Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators) are not legal to be sold for human consumption or to be sold as a supplement (for example: as a bodybuilding supplement). In short, enforcement of SARMs is typically on the seller side and targets retailers who are promoting it as a supplement for human use.

In most countries, including the United States, SARMs are considered unapproved drugs and are illegal to sell, purchase, or possess for human use without a valid prescription or proper authorization from regulatory agencies such as the FDA. Of course there is no prescription available for SARMs or any doctor willing to prescribe one, so that point is moot. SARMs can be legally purchased online as “research chemicals,” and if you don’t ingest the compound then they aren’t illegal which puts it in a bit of a legal gray area.

In 2018, the U.S. Senate introduced the SARMs Control Act (S.2742), which aimed to amend the Controlled Substances Act to include SARMs as Schedule III controlled substances. The bill sought to criminalize the possession and distribution of SARMs without a valid prescription. But importantly, the SARMs Control Act did not become law! But it demonstrates the growing concern among lawmakers about the potential risks associated with these substances and the need for stricter regulation (so keep your eye on the legality going forward).

Anabolic steroids are of course illegal in the US, and so are most prohormones which were reclassified as Schedule III drugs in 2005. SARMs however have no such legal language against them, or any legal precedent either.

As such, many people still purchase and use SARMs for bodybuilding and performance enhancement purposes. The risk of getting caught and facing legal consequences is relatively low for individual users, as enforcement efforts primarily target suppliers and distributors rather than consumers.

The decision to use SARMs is a personal one that should be made after carefully considering the potential legal and health risks. If you’ve already made up your mind and want to get started taking SARMs regardless of the legal aspects, you can look into legal variations such as IBUTA 667, LIGAN 4033 and TESTOL 140 which can be purchased from the aforementioned source.

Read our other articles on these similar topics people often ask us:

Current (May 2024) legal status of SARMs in the United States

In the U.S., the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved SARMs for human use, classifying them as “unapproved drugs” and warns against side effects. The FDA has taken a firm stance against companies selling SARMs as dietary supplements, issuing warning letters to those making false claims about their products’ safety and efficacy. “The FDA is concerned about the potential health risks posed by these products,” states an agency spokesperson, “and we will continue to take action against companies that illegally market them.” So if you are selling SARMs online, you should be very careful on the verbiage and copywriting you use on your website. We suggest speaking with a qualified attorney in your state.

Despite the FDA’s position, SARMs are not currently listed under the Controlled Substances Act, which regulates drugs based on their potential for abuse and medical use. However, this could change in the future as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) continues to monitor the situation. “The legal status of SARMs is a moving target,” explains Dr. Michael Sachs a professor of law specializing in drug policy. “As more research emerges and public awareness grows, we may see a shift in how these substances are regulated.”

What About Prohormones vs SARMs?

From our legal perspective perspective, the main difference between SARMs (Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators) and prohormones is that while SARMs are currently unapproved drugs and are illegal to sell or distribute for human consumption, prohormones have been explicitly banned and classified as controlled substances in many countries. In the United States, the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004 amended the Controlled Substances Act to include prohormones, making them Schedule III controlled substances.

Legal Status of SARMs in Other Countries

  • Canada: In Canada, SARMs are considered “experimental drugs” and are illegal to sell without a prescription. Health Canada has taken enforcement actions against companies selling SARMs, including seizing products and issuing public warnings.
  • United Kingdom: In the UK, SARMs are classified as “medicinal products” and cannot be sold without a license from the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). The MHRA has prosecuted individuals and companies for illegally selling SARMs, resulting in fines and prison sentences.
  • Australia: Australia’s Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) prohibits the sale, supply, or advertising of SARMs without a prescription. The TGA has taken action against several companies for illegally importing and distributing SARMs, leading to significant fines.

Legal Consequences/Penalties of Illegal SARMs Use and Distribution

In the U.S., possessing or distributing unapproved drugs can result in criminal charges, fines, and even imprisonment. While prosecutions specifically targeting SARMs users are relatively rare, the risk is still there. It’s essential to understand the potential legal ramifications before considering using these substances.

Businesses that sell SARMs illegally (by promoting them for bodybuilding or strength training) face even greater risks, including hefty fines, product seizures, and reputational damage. In recent years, several companies have been the target of legal action by the FDA and other regulatory agencies worldwide. “The message is clear,” states an FDA representative, “if you’re selling SARMs without proper approval, you’re putting your business and your customers at risk.”

Other Common Questions

Is it legal to travel with SARMs?

In most countries, including the United States, it is legal. SARMs are considered unapproved drugs or controlled substances in many jurisdictions, but they’re not a “scheduled drug” or a toxic or poisonous substance that would be dangerous to travel with, so yes it’s legal. Also a drug sniffing dog or screening swab at the airport is not calibrated to detect these substances.

SARMs vs Steroids Legality

While both SARMs and steroids both target androgen receptors, they are distinct substances.. SARMs are designed to selectively target specific tissues, such as muscle and bone, while minimizing side effects on other organs. In contrast, steroids have a more widespread effect on the body. Most countries legally categories SARMs much differently than steroids and under different legal frameworks.

Is RAD-140 illegal?

RAD-140, also known as Testolone, is a SARM that is not approved for human use by the FDA or other major regulatory agencies. As such, it is illegal to sell or market RAD-140 for human consumption in most countries, including the United States. Use of RAD-140 without a prescription may also be illegal, depending on the jurisdiction. Simply possessing RAD-140 however for “research purposes” is legal in the US by all indications.

Is MK-677 illegal?

MK-677, or Ibutamoren, is not a SARM but rather a growth hormone secretagogue. Like SARMs, MK-677 is not approved for human use by the FDA or other major regulatory agencies. That doesn’t necessarily mean you can’t buy it or use it in secret however, as it’s more of a CYA deal by the manufacturers and retailers. Selling, distributing, or possessing MK-677 not for human use is legal in the US and most countries

Can you fail a drug test for SARMs?

Likely no. While SARMs are not specifically targeted in most standard drug tests, some advanced testing methods can detect their presence (mostly in competitive sports and anti-doping tests). However some SARMs products may be contaminated with other substances that are detectable in drug tests. Athletes subject to anti-doping regulations should be especially cautious, as SARMs are prohibited by most sports organizations.

Can you use SARMs in the U.S. military?

The use of SARMs is prohibited in the U.S. military and many other armed forces worldwide. The Department of Defense considers SARMs to be “high risk” substances that can potentially compromise the health and readiness of service members. Military personnel found using SARMs may face disciplinary action, including court-martial, under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. The U.S. military doesn’t specifically test for SARMs in urine analysis or other drug tests, however if you’re caught with them in your possession they will want to know what it is and will likely find out!!


The legal status of SARMs (Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators) is complex and varies by country. In the United States, SARMs are considered unapproved drugs and are illegal to sell or distribute for human consumption without proper authorization, although they can be purchased legally as “research chemicals” if not ingested. The legal landscape is evolving, with lawmakers expressing concerns about potential risks and the need for stricter regulation. Despite this, many people still use SARMs for bodybuilding and performance enhancement. The decision to use SARMs should be made after carefully considering the potential legal and health risks, and staying informed about the evolving legal landscape surrounding these substances.




February 2024



Question: Is Tren Legal?

Written by , Posted in Criminal Law

Answer: No. If you’re buying it for yourself (a human) or another person for their use, it is not legal and we’d advise against it. Tren (also known as Trenbolone) however is perfectly legal for veterinary use.

If you’re on a “cycle” taking Tren and buying small amounts for yourself, it’s honestly quite unlikely that you will ever get caught with it and prosecuted by law enforcement, but a misdemeanor can always happen.

tren and test cyp injection needle photoIf you’re buying Tren in bulk and distributing it and are a “dealer,” then things get much more dicey and you can be heavily in felony territory for potential interstate drug trafficking and other federal and state charges. The “it’s for cattle!” argument may or may not hold up with the local police or the courtroom. Also, if you’re doing other illegal activities at the same time, then your risk profile goes much higher. As many defense lawyers would advise their clients, “only commit one felony at a time!”

Regardless, each year hundreds of thousands of bodybuilding and strength training men in the U.S. (and worldwide) skirt the law indulge in this anabolic steroid and swear by it due to it’s powerful effects on their physical and mental state. If the failed war on drugs is any indication, this trend will continue in the black market anabolic steroids world as well.

If you’ve already made up your mind and want to get started taking Tren regardless of the legal aspects, you may want to look into TREN-MAX which is a legal alternative that can be purchased at the aforementioned site. It is legal in the U.S., and users report that it is very potent while still being safe and having less side-effects.

Legal Status of Trenbolone in Human Use

Globally, the legal framework governing Trenbolone’s use in humans is quite stringent due to its popularity. It is classified as a controlled substance in many countries, reflecting its potential for abuse and health risks.

Legal Implications: The classification of Trenbolone as a Schedule III controlled substance makes it illegal to possess, distribute, or manufacture the substance without proper authorization, such as a prescription or a license. Violating these regulations can result in significant legal consequences, including fines and imprisonment. This rarely happens for small amounts and we haven’t heard of a case like this coming across the desk of a defense lawyer we know, but it can and does happen.

United States: The Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990 placed Trenbolone on the list of controlled substances, making its possession without a prescription illegal. Under this Act, it was classified as a Schedule III controlled substance. This classification indicates that Tren has a potential for abuse less than the substances in Schedules I and II (which include substances like cocaine and methamphetamine) and abuse may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Of course this addiction-based logic isn’t exactly realistic for anabolic steroids, but we feel that it was difficult to write a separate law just for steroids on the grounds of public health so this was the path that lawmakers chose.

Enforcement and Penalties: The enforcement of the Anabolic Steroid Control Act is carried out by various federal agencies, including the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The penalties for trafficking, manufacturing, or possessing anabolic steroids like Trenbolone can be severe. Trafficking penalties are felonies and can range from five years in prison and a $250,000 fine for a first offense, with increased penalties for subsequent offenses. In some states, jail time for selling controlled substances can range from six months to 20 years, depending on the offense and your criminal history. Ouch!

Note: Law enforcement in many left-leaning states and cities look the other way when they see needles, and states such as Oregon have completely decriminalized possession of small amounts of hard drugs, so we wouldn’t expect much legal troubles there for users with small amounts of anabolic steroids such as Tren or equipoise, masteron, deca-durabolin, winstrol, dianabol, etc. But it can still happen of course, and we wouldn’t recommend it.

Legality outside of the USA?  Please do your own research and get legal counsel in whichever country you’re in if you plan to consume Tren in as part of your strength training routine. Below is a general guideline however for Americans traveling abroad to common destinations:

European Union: Similar controls exist, with member states enforcing regulations that prohibit the sale and possession of Trenbolone for human use. The classification and control of substances like this for human use are outlined by the Council Directive 2001/83/EC, which provides a code for human medicines. This directive lays the groundwork for member states to categorize Trenbolone as a controlled substance, with its possession and sale without authorization being prohibited.

Canada and Australia: These countries also classify Trenbolone as a controlled substance, highlighting a global consensus on its regulation. In Canada, the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (SC 1996, c 19) serves as the cornerstone for drug control policies, including the regulation of anabolic steroids. In Australia, it’s is classified under Schedule 4 (Prescription Only Medicine) and Schedule 9 (Prohibited Substance) in the SUSMP, depending on its form and intended use. Schedule 4 classification allows for its use in veterinary medicine under strict control, while Schedule 9 reflects its illegal status for human use, prohibiting its sale, supply, and possession. Australia is particularly strict on all forms of illegal substances, and it’s border is heavily monitored, much more than any other country in our experience.

Legal Use in Veterinary Medicine and Livestock Management

trenbolone acetate vial and boxDespite its prohibition in human medicine, Trenbolone is widely used in veterinary practices, particularly in livestock management, to promote muscle growth and appetite.  This means that it’s easier for individuals to get their hands on this compound, since it’s legally made and sold.

  • Veterinary Regulations: In the US, Trenbolone is available for use in livestock through veterinary prescription under specific guidelines set by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It increases protein synthesis, enhancing the efficiency of meat production. This drug was primarily designed to promote muscle mass and appetite in cattle during transportation, ensuring that animals could maintain their weight and condition even when food was scarce during long hauls on trucks/trains. It is sold under brand names such as Finajet and Finaplix, or as a generic injectibles and pellets.

Legality in Sports and Doping Regulations

The use of Tren in sports is prohibited by major anti-doping organizations due to its performance-enhancing effects.

  • Anti-Doping Regulations: The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) lists it as a banned substance in and out of competition.
  • Doping Cases: Athletes found using it face sanctions, including bans and disqualifications. An example is a sprinter who received a four-year ban after testing positive for Trenbolone.
  • Detection and Testing: Advanced methods, such as mass spectrometry, enable the detection of Trenbolone metabolites in urine samples, ensuring athletes’ compliance with anti-doping rules.

Additional Legal Aspects for Human Use

The illegal possesion and use of Tren carries significant legal penalties, reflecting the substance’s potential for harm.

  • Penalties: Depending on the jurisdiction, penalties can range from fines to imprisonment. For instance, under US federal law, unauthorized possession of anabolic steroids can lead to up to one year in prison for a first offense. Regarding distribution in the US, under 21 U.S.C. § 841, the line is clear. Sell or distribute steroids without authorization, and you’re in for trouble. Personal possession is less severe, but we still wouldn’t want to be caught up in it. Note: See our detailed page on testosterone and buying illicitly versus a TRT doctor
  • Legal Defenses: In rare cases, defenses such as medical necessity might be considered, although this is uncommon for Trenbolone due to its lack of approval for human use.
  • Prevalence of Misuse: Despite legal restrictions, this and other anabolic steroids remain popular among some bodybuilders and athletes seeking to enhance physical performance and appearance, indicating ongoing challenges in enforcement and education.


Note: this is not legal advice , and is not intended to, constitute legal advice; instead, all information, content, and materials available on this site are for general informational purposes only.  This website contains links to other third-party websites.  Such links are only for the convenience of the reader, user or browser; we do not recommend or endorse the contents of the third-party sites.



October 2023



Question: Is it Legal to Buy Anabolic Steroids Online?

Written by , Posted in Criminal Law

Answer: No. If you are considering doing this and buying steroids online, we’d recommend against it. The stringent U.S. laws, including the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act prohibit purchasing anabolic steroids online. However, each year tens of thousands of individuals in the US often unknowingly skirt legal boundaries in their pursuit of these anabolic vials and injectables. Internet transactions might seem convenient and discreet, but they’re often monitored.

With agencies like U.S. Customs and Border Protection vigilantly inspecting incoming packages, a seemingly harmless online Internet purchase of some Test or Tren can swiftly spiral into a legal nightmare (but more so if you’re a distributor buying large quantities in order to resell). Add to this the fact that many states have their own set of regulations, and the risk multiplies. Stories of intercepted packages, heavy fines, and even legal action serve as stark reminders that obtaining these steroids in the USA is a gamble that can lead to unintended consequences.

Outside of the USA? We don’t know the laws and regulations of other countries and don’t want to comment on them. Please do your own research and get legal counsel in whichever country you’re in if you plan to consume steroids and start a “cycle” as part of your strength training routine.

We can’t tell you what to do however, and if you’ve already made up your mind and want to buy a supply of steroids online at all costs, you can explore some of the legal variations available such as D-BAL, HGH-X2 and Trenorol. Users report that they are extremely potent, so you might not even need anything else riskier from a hormonal and legal perspective.

Read more: Are SARMs actually legal?

hypodermic needle containing anabolic steroids on brown granite countertop kitchen

Laws That Govern Anabolic Steroids in the US

Controlled Substances Act (CSA): As per the CSA, anabolic steroids are branded as Schedule III controlled substances. Their potential for abuse is evident, yet they have undeniable medical uses.

FDA’s Stern Stance: The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act makes it clear: no anabolic steroids without a genuine prescription. And the drug has to be FDA-approved for its intended use. These include expensive vials that are much loved on the black market and are frequently into thighs and buttocks: Testosterone Cypionate (Depo-Testosterone), Testosterone Enanthate, Testosterone Undecanoate (Aveed, Nebido), Testosterone propionate (Testoviron) and others.

Online Transactions: Not Always a Safe Bet: The Ryan Haight Online Pharmacy Consumer Protection Act of 2008 is a testament to the legal risks of online purchases. Any online pharmacy dispatching controlled substances must be DEA-registered. Failure to comply could be a very costly mistake for them.

The Dicey Dance with Customs: Importing steroids might lead them to be seized at customs. There have been many real life cases you can find on online forums and disccusion boards where individuals faced hefty fines and even imprisonment after their packages were intercepted..

The Ambiguous World of Prohormones and TREN: Prohormones, precursors to anabolic steroids, fall in a tricky legal zone. Previously, many were sold over-the-counter. However, with the Anabolic Steroid Control Act amendments, most became controlled substances. Also we’re not doctors, but we’ve heard these prohormones can be extremely hard on the liver and aren’t sustainable long-term. On the other hand TREN (Trenbolone), often dubbed a “gray-area substance,” is a powerful anabolic steroid. While it’s intended for livestock, its non-medical use in humans is prohibited. The word on the street these days is that human-grade testosterone is much better and safer over the long term, and finding a TRT doctor is very easy if you put in the effort.

Federal vs. State Tug of War: The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act forms the baseline. However, states like California and New York aren’t content with just that, adding their layer of legal stringency.

Distribution vs. Personal Consumption: Under 21 U.S.C. § 841, the line is clear. Sell or distribute steroids without authorization, and you’re in for trouble. Personal possession might seem less severe, but it’s still a legal quagmire.


In summary, while the allure of anabolic steroids for performance enhancement might be tempting, the potential legal ramifications in the U.S. are significant. If you’re researching where or how to buy, then the clear directive for steroids is this: acquire only with a valid prescription, and ensure that online sources are authorized by the FDA. Venturing into the gray zones of TREN or prohormones? Tread with caution. Outside of the USA? Do your own research and get legal counsel in whichever country you’re in and plan to consume these steroids.